Hot chocolate composition and useful properties of the drink cocoa
As you know, hot chocolate is a popular and delicious drink based on cocoa. The recipe varies across countries: in Europe and America hot chocolate made from milk and cocoa powder, and in Russia, diluted with milk, or in rare cases, water, melted bar of milk chocolate. The drink can give a more refined taste, adding some spices, such as cinnamon or vanilla.
How did hot chocolate
Be the first to prepare this drink became the indigenous people of the land where cocoa beans grow in abundance – the Indians of the American tropics.
By the way, a necessary component of chocolate was alcohol, so it was forbidden to use children and women. For more spice to the Indians was added to the drink a variety of spices, particularly chili pepper. Because the last ingredient chocolate got its name – “chocolatl” in the language of the Aztecs literally means “bitter water”. By the way, the Aztec chocolate was not hot – drank it cold. Also chocolatl was a ritual drink that brought the shaman in ceremonies.
After the conquest of America by the Spanish secret hot chocolate came to Europe, where he has undergone dramatic changes. First pepper was replaced with sugar, and in order to better dissolve the cocoa powder, the chocolate began to warm up. Further, to reduce the density and fat content of the drink, and make it a little easier, the chocolate began to dilute the milk. In this form it has gained immense popularity, to the extent that in the late 18th century in many European cities opened specialized chocolate shops where it was possible to taste this drink.
To this day in virtually every corner of the world you can enjoy hot chocolate, and the composition in a small range may vary according to the customer. To the base of cocoa, sugar and milk can be added the cream, cinnamon or a bit of strong alcohol. The drink was thick, it can occasionally add starch.
The most complex of the currently known recipes distributed in Spain in addition to the traditional components in add chocolate hazelnut, honey, anise seed, cinnamon, Cayenne pepper, rose and even the bark of the sandalwood.
Composition and useful properties of the drink
Unique healing properties of hot chocolate due to its components of antioxidants, flavonoids, vitamins A, B1, C, D and E as well as potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron. It was proved that in the liquid chocolate made from cocoa powder, contains more nutrients than tile, because excessively high temperatures used in the chocolate manufacturing process in the factories that lead to the loss of a number of properties.
Hot chocolate doctors recommend eating with the purpose of preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and the development of tumors. This is due to high content of flavonoids, which are able to bind free radicals and positively affect the condition of the vessels and arteries.
Chocolate is able to effectively fight depression, increase vitality and overall mood, increase efficiency, stimulate thinking and memory function.
Contraindications and harm
Due to the high sugar content, chocolate better than to fall for diabetics and people suffering from excess weight or metabolic disorders. Impact hot chocolate and on the condition of tooth enamel.
In addition, you need to carefully study the composition of the cocoa powder, as included in some brands of various leavening agents, flavors, thickeners, and other auxiliary substances can trigger an allergic reaction.